Quang Binh is a province in the upper middle region of Vietnam. The width of the province is relatively short, only 50 km from its border with Lao to the seashore, making it the narrowest province on the map of Vietnam. Quang Binh Province is surrounded by Ha Tinh Province on the north, East Sea on the east, Laos on the west and Quang Tri Province on the south.
Area: 8,065.3 sq. km.
Population: 872.9 thousand habitants (2015).
Capital: Dong Hoi City.
Town: Ba Don.
Districts (6): Tuyen Hoa, Minh Hoa, Quang Trach, Bo Trach, Quang Ninh, Le Thuy.
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Bru – Van Kieu, Chut, Tay.
Climate of Quang Binh
There are four separate seasons here: in spring (from February to April), it is warm with slight rains, humid and the temperature around 18 – 25oC. In the summer (from May to July), it is hot, dry with little downpours, the temperature may reach up to 35 – 36oC. In the fall, it is rainy, cool with temperature around 22 – 28oC. In the winter, it is humid, slight rain with temperature about 12 – 16oC. Heaviest rainy season is from September to November. From April to August is the dry season. The hottest months are from June to August.
Topography of Quang Binh
The province has a pretty narrow and steep topography. While 85% of the total area is mountains, there are also other types of terrain such as hills, valleys, highlands, plains, etc. However, almost all of the areas in the West of Quang Binh are mountains, which usually have the height of 1,000m to 1,500m, among which Phi Co Pi is the highest peak. On the East side, there are many beautiful beaches along the seashore.
Tourism of Quang Binh
Possessing a 116.04 km long coastline, Quang Binh has firm foundation for development of tourism, which has been brought about great profit for the land. The province is favored with marvelous landscape with many beauty spots. Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park is a well-known local attraction which has been recognized by UNESCO as the World Natural Heritage in 2003. The Phong Nha – Ke Bang complex comprises many beautiful caves and grottoes with fantastic stalactites and stalagmites. With mysterious scenery insides, the caves and grottoes have attracted many domestic as well as foreign tourists.
Besides, Quang Binh is the land for many historical-cultural relics namely Hoang Phuc pagoda, Dao Duy Tu rampart, Dong Hoi citadel, and the citadels of the Ngo, Trinh, Nguyen Dynasties. Quang Binh is also a civilized land with the cultural archaeological site of Bau Tro, Phu Luu bronze Drum, which existed in the same era as Dong Son Bonze Drum.
Besides the wonderful natural landscape, the long-standing historical relics, Quang Binh is home to many famous persons who achieved excellent results in education, military, social-cultural issues such as Duong Van An, Nguyen Huu Canh, Nguyen Ham Ninh, Vo Nguyen Giap, etc.
Quang Binh belongs to the bio-diversified area of North Truong Son – where multiform flora and fauna system has been developed with precious species. This is also an advantage for Quang Binh to develop eco-tourism.
Like residents in coastal areas, Dong Hoi City and Le Thuy people in Quang Binh annually organize boat races on the National Day (2nd September). These boat races have taken place for more than one hundred years.
Transportation of Quang Binh
Road, rail and shipping routes are fairly well developed. Dong Hoi City is 491km from Hanoi, 94km from Dong Ha, 166km from Hue, and 197km from Vinh. National Highway No.1A and North-South Express Train runs throw the province and stop at Dong Hoi City. Quang Binh has Cha Lo Border Gate in Minh Hoa District to Laos.
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